How the Technology in Oil Production Has Evolved Over the Years
There have been significant changes in technology in the production of oil since its first production as you will read more here. Considering the value of oil to our lives, it is suitable to review the changes that have followed its discovery. In the past, in Ancient Mesopotamia bitumen a hardened substance was used in ship construction and holding jewelry together. In Egypt, it was used to solidify the famous pyramids. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. The people living in this period used oil to heal diseases, light their lamps and heat their houses. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The spring pole equipment as you will discover here was tied to a tree which made it possible to reach more depth and was increasingly used by the Ruffner brothers to make salt extraction easier. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. A chemist at Yale by the name Benjamin Silliman discovered more about distillation of oil into Kerosene that could be used in lamps to provide lighting and even cook. It is at this point that the society became interested in the commodity and commercial drilling began.
From this website, you will read more about how the need for oil increased significantly. More oil deposits were also discovered deeper in the earth. While drilling using the spring pole, the machine encountered a challenge going past the hardened sediments. As a result, a technique called rotary drilling was developed whose head penetrated the hard rock without the need to remove debris regularly. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. As the world war 1 was set to begin, the demand for this product increased resulting in dire need for improved equipment following strong competition among nations. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. One such case is the increased mobility of the rig to extract oil from several oil wells.
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